Python Daemon

# coding=utf8
import os
import sys
import atexit

def daemonize(pid_file=None):
    Create daemon process
    :param pid_file: File that saves process id
    # Fork a subprocess from parent process
    pid = os.fork()

    # The id of subprocess equals 0, and of parent process must larger than 0
    if pid:
        # Exit from parent process(sys.exit() executes flush while os._exit() doesn't)

    # The subprocess defaults the working directory of its parent process. 

    # The subprocess defaults umask(File permission mask), reset it to 0(Fully control) in order to avoiding R/W operations.

    # Let the subprocess be the leader of the conversation and the process.

    # Second Fork
    _pid = os.fork()
    if _pid:
        # Exit subprocess

    # Grandson process is daemon right now. Redirecting stdin/stdout/stderr descriptions to avoid errors in the printing process.

    # Flush stdout/stderr buffer

    # Atomically close and duclipate file description, and redirect into /dev/null(Drop off all input and output)
    with open('/dev/null') as read_null, open('/dev/null', 'w') as write_null:
        os.dup2(read_null.fileno(), sys.stdin.fileno())
        os.dup2(write_null.fileno(), sys.stdout.fileno())
        os.dup2(write_null.fileno(), sys.stderr.fileno())

    # Write PID
    if pid_file:
        with open(pid_file, 'w+') as f:
        # Register Exit function for abnormal exit
        atexit.register(os.remove, pid_file)
  1. Fork sub-process, and exit parent-process.
  2. Change Working Directory (chdir), File Permission Mask(umask), Process Group and Conversation Group (setsid).
  3. Fork grandson-process, and exit sub-process.
  4. Flush buffer and atomically close and duclipate file description, and redirect into /dev/null(Drop off all input and output)
  5. (Option) Write PID.

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